The Carolina Reaper’s ten-year reign as the spiciest chili pepper has come to an end thanks to the formal recognition of Pepper X by Guinness World Records. Ed Currie, the creator of the PuckerButt Pepper Company in South Carolina and the man behind the little, wrinkled, yellow-green pepper known as Pepper X, made the explosive announcement on the well-known YouTube program Hot Ones.
How Pepper X became the Hottest Chili pepper:
Guinness World Records used the Scoville Scale, a method that has been used to measure the heat of peppers since its creation in 1912 by determining the number of capsaicinoids, the substances that give them their heat. An amazing average of 2.693 million Scoville Heat Units (SHUs) are recorded by Chili X.
Comparatively speaking, a moderate jalapeno has a SHU range of 2,000 to 8,000 while a serrano pepper has a range of 10,000 to 23,000 SHUs. The Carolina Reaper, another product of Ed Currie, held the previous record with an average of 1.64 million SHUs. It’s important to remember that the Scoville Scale uses a logarithmic scale, making Pepper X about three times hotter than the Carolina Reaper.
Ed Currie gave a detailed description of the quick and strong burn that results in a heady feeling of disorientation after consuming a whole Pepper X. Then, as the scorching sensation spreads throughout the body, the arms and chest are affected. Strangely, unlike the Carolina Reaper, Pepper X’s heat takes longer to reach the throat, causing more agony overall.
The high heat of Chili X is unusual because it is not found in the pepper’s seeds but rather in the inner, white placenta that surrounds the seeds. Due to the pepper’s rough shell, which gives its strong placenta more room to grow, Guinness World Records attributes Pepper X’s remarkable spiciness.
Since no one had been able to beat the previous record set by the Carolina Reaper, Ed Currie and his colleagues decided to release Pepper X today despite developing it over ten years ago. This outstanding accomplishment represents a key turning point in the history of chili peppers.